Anyone wishing to work as a psychotherapist in Germany requires a special professional license - the Approbation. Training to become a psychotherapist is acquired as part of a Bachelor's or Master's degree course at a university and concludes with a state examination, the psychotherapeutic examination.
In Bavaria, the license to practice is issued by the government of Upper Bavaria if you have completed your psychotherapeutic training at a university in Bavaria.
The granting of a license to practice medicine or a professional permit requires, among other things, that you have the necessary knowledge of the German language to practice your profession. The 87th Conference of Health Ministers in 2014 agreed in a key points paper on the requirements for knowledge of the German language and how this knowledge can be demonstrated. The following applies:
1. the required German language skills are deemed to be proven for applicants for whom the licensing authority determines without doubt that German is spoken and written fluently (e.g. as a native language) or that the completion of medical, dental, pharmaceutical or psychotherapeutic training (proof of training) was obtained in German.
2. proof of the required German language skills is generally deemed to have been provided if the applicant has completed at least ten years of general schooling at a German-speaking school or has completed at least three years of vocational training in German.
3. if the proof is not deemed to have been provided in accordance with 1. or 2. above, the language skills required for exercising the profession are deemed to have been provided by submitting a certificate from an ALTE-certified language institute at level B2 of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) (certified copy).
4. specialist language tests taken at the Chamber of Psychotherapists or the competent authority of another country, as well as special specialist language tests from other examination institutions, are recognized if they are suitable for demonstrating the language skills required to practice the profession. Whether this requirement is met in individual cases must be clarified in advance with the competent professional licensing office.