Private vocational school; application for operating permit and substantial change permit.

Private vocational schools that correspond in their educational objectives to public schools existing or planned in the Free State of Bavaria must be approved by the responsible government. The latter must also approve substantial changes.


Substitute schools may only be established and operated with state approval. The application, together with all the necessary documents, must be submitted to the school supervisory authority no later than four months before the start of the school year.

Approval shall be granted if

  • the person who intends to establish, operate or manage an alternative school offers a guarantee that it will not violate the constitutional order,
  • the alternative school does not lag behind the public schools in its teaching objectives and facilities and in the academic or artistic training of its teaching staff
  • it does not promote the segregation of pupils according to the property status of their parents
  • the economic and legal position of the teachers is sufficiently secured.

After the school supervisory authority has granted its approval, changes may occur in the course of the school's operation which also require the express approval of the government. In particular, the following changes are considered to require approval:

  • General changes: Name changes, determination of general eligibility after the end of the grace period, change in school leadership.
  • Changes in the school organization: change of sponsor, establishment of open and bound all-day programs, relocation, expansion of the number of classes, outsourcing of classes in the case of reconstruction, establishment of additional grades
  • Changes in internal operations: concept changes, deviations from vacation regulations


The application, together with all required documents, must be submitted to the school supervisory authority no later than four months before the beginning of the school year.


Please select a location in "Localization" so that the address of the responsible authority can be filled in.

  • Prefillable Form, Bavaria-wide: Antrag auf Genehmigung zur Errichtung und zum Betrieb einer privaten beruflichen Ersatzschule
    Please note

    This form has to be signed and sent to the responsible authority. You can sign the form manually and send it by email/fax or sign the form electronically with your qualified electronic signature an send it by (secure) email. If the responsible authority has set up a De-Mail account, you can also send the form by De-Mail using an sender-confirmed message.


Responsible for editing:Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Unterricht und Kultus

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If you select a location under "Localization" the contact details of the responsible authority and, if applicable, locally valid information will be displayed.