Farrier; application for admission to the farriery examination and state recognition.

The state recognition as a farrier can be applied for at the responsible authority, if the proof of the successfully passed farrier examination is presented.


A farrier, officially called a farrier in Germany, is a specialist in the care (cutting out) and shoeing of animal hooves with horseshoes or other materials. He also traditionally makes the horseshoes and horseshoe nails himself in the forging process or adapts the horseshoes to the shape of the hoof. The work also includes the treatment of injured and diseased hooves.

Anyone wishing to learn the profession of farrier needs to have completed vocational training. The training is structured as follows:

  • Introductory course: four weeks
  • Practical work in farriery: at least 24 months
  • Preparatory course: four months
  • Farriery examination: after the preparatory course

Preparatory course

The preparatory course consists of a practical and a theoretical part. The recognized state farriery school in Schwaiganger holds a preparatory course twice a year (for dates, see "Further links").
An application for participation in a preparatory course at the State Farrier School Schwaiganger can be made during the period of practical activity (the majority of the practical activity should already have been completed.) The application for participation in the course must be made in writing (informally). For the duration of the course, a confirmation of membership with a health insurance company must be submitted.

Contents of the shoeing examination

  • Execution of a warm shoeing with iron
  • Execution of a shoeing with alternative hoof protection
  • Execution of a bare hoof care
  • Production of a hoof or claw iron
  • Preparation of a case report followed by a technical discussion
  • written examination paper with possible oral supplementary examination

The examination tasks should be carried out according to the principle of complete action. The acquisition of appropriate knowledge and skills must take place during practical work. The visit of the shoeing school serves to deepen and consolidate the knowledge and skills. For the case report, at least two interesting cases should be documented in writing and pictorially during the practical activity.


The following persons are admitted to the advanced training examination for farriers

  • has at least two years of full-time employment, subject to social insurance contributions, with a farrier who has operated a farrier's trade for at least three years after receiving state recognition as a farrier,
  • has attended a recognized introductory course,
  • has attended a preparatory course at a farriery school,
  • provides proof of practical activity in accordance with § 7 HufBeschlV (including written proof of activity: ISBN no.: 978-3-933867-47-6),
  • a declaration stating whether and where the applicant has already taken an examination to become a farrier or has registered to take the examination
  • provides evidence of a vocational certificate (only for journeymen & women in the metalworking trade, specializing in metal design, who have been trained in the core area of farriery by a recognized farrier). (Only for journeymen in the metalworking trade, specializing in metal design, who have been trained in the core area of farriery by a recognized farrier)


The application for admission to the farriery examination and the application for state recognition as a certified farrier must be submitted in writing to the Government of Upper Bavaria together with the supporting documents.

Special notes

The Schwaiganger Farrier School can advise on questions regarding examination admission and the recognition process.

Required documents

  • Admission to the shoeing test

    • Proof of attendance of an introductory course
    • Proof of at least two years of full-time employment subject to social insurance contributions (e.g. employment contract with at least 20 hours/week)
    • Proof of attendance of a preparatory course

  • State recognition as a qualified farrier

    • Proof of completed vocational training
    • Proof of two years of full-time employment subject to social insurance (e.g. employment contract with at least 20 hours/week)
    • Proof of having successfully passed the examination after attending the required training courses
    • Proof of the reliability required for the exercise of the profession (extended certificate of good conduct)


  • The fees are due before the start of the courses.

    • Introductory course: 1,000 EUR
    • Preparatory course: 3,200 EUR
    • Examination fee: 350 EUR (§ 2 Abs. 1 Nr. 7 Prüfungsgebühren-Verordnung StMELF)

    Food and accommodation must be provided by the participant.

Status: 23.08.2022

Responsible for editing: Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten

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