Under the Youth Employment Protection Act, persons under the age of 18 must undergo an initial examination before entering the workforce and a follow-up examination one year after commencing employment. This is to prevent young people from being employed in work that endangers their health or development.
The application for the issuance of an examination authorization certificate must be submitted to the Trade Inspection Office at the responsible government if the young person has not attended a Bavarian school or is no longer in possession of the examination authorization certificates he or she received from the school.
The young person or the company must submit the application for the issuance of an examination authorization certificate for the initial examination in good time before starting work. Together with this application, the young person or the company should also apply for the issuance of an examination authorization certificate for the first follow-up examination if he or she has not yet reached the age of 18 one year after starting the first employment. Applications for additional follow-up examination authorization certificates must be made as needed.
The initial examination must be conducted within 14 months prior to entry into employment, and the first follow-up examination must be conducted between the 10th and 12th month after entry into employment. The certificate of completion of the initial examination must be received by the company prior to the start of employment. The certificate of completion of the first follow-up examination must be received one year after the start of the first employment, but no later than before the expiration of fourteen months. Further follow-up examination certificates may be applied for after the expiry of a further year, if the examination was conducted more than 14 months previously, or for supplementary or extraordinary follow-up examinations that may be arranged by examining physicians in special cases.
If young people are employed on a minor basis or for no longer than 2 months in light work, from which no health disadvantages for the young person are to be feared (e.g. vacation work, internships), no medical examinations are required.