Animals and goods of animal origin; monitoring of trade
The monitoring of trade in animals and goods of animal origin is the task of the official veterinarians at the district offices and serves to ensure compliance with animal disease, animal protection and food law regulations.
With the creation of the common internal market, the aim has been to achieve the freest possible trade in all areas and this has also been largely implemented. For trade in animals and goods, this means that appropriate animal health and food safety regulations must be observed in all member states of the European Union in order to prevent the spread of animal diseases and to ensure human health, especially when consuming food of animal origin.
In national and intra-community trade, as well as in the importation of animals and goods of animal origin from so-called third countries (countries that do not belong to the European Union), compliance with animal health, animal welfare and food safety regulations is controlled and ensured.
The task and goal is to
- To prevent the spread and introduction of animal diseases that pose a risk to our animals, but also to humans, such as rabies (dogs, cats) or FMD (foot and mouth disease). Animal diseases can be transmitted or introduced both by live animals and by animal products and produce, such as meat and meat products, hides, feathers, hunting trophies, blood and blood products or feed.
- to ensure the health safety of foodstuffs. In the EU, uniform working and hygiene regulations apply to companies that process or handle food. In the case of meat and meat products, for example, inspections are carried out to check whether the goods originate from approved establishments in the EU or are imported from a third country that is allowed to deliver to the EU. In this context, checks are also carried out to ensure that the prescribed animal health and hygiene conditions are complied with. Particular attention is paid to compliance with transport and storage conditions.
- in the case of live animals, to check whether the transport takes place under animal welfare conditions and to combat abuses.
When importing live animals and goods of animal origin from third countries, the checks are carried out by veterinarians at so-called border inspection posts. The European Union (EU) has a network of these border inspection posts at all major points of entry into its territory by land, air and sea, all of which operate to the same standards. They are headed by an official veterinarian. Bavaria has a border inspection post at Munich Airport, which is part of the Bavarian Food Safety and Veterinary Control Authority (KBLV).
The regulations for the movement of animals and goods apply in principle not only to commercial imports but also to private individuals carrying, for example, dogs, foodstuffs and other goods of animal origin. This is especially important for imports from third countries.
You can find out which regulations must be observed in detail and for which cases exceptions are possible from your veterinary office or the Munich Airport border inspection post. Information on this subject is also available on the Internet from the German Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection, the Bavarian State Ministry for the Environment and Consumer Protection and the customs service centers.
The legal regulations can change at short notice. It is recommended to inform yourself about the legal regulations in time before a planned import / transfer / travel.
- The amount of the fees depends on the individual case.
Links to more information
Responsible for editing: Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Umwelt und Verbraucherschutz
- Online transactions, Bavaria-wide
- Online transactions, locally limited
- Prefillable Form, Bavaria-wide
- Legal bases, Bavaria-wide
- Legal bases, locally limited
- Fees, Bavaria-wide
- Fees, locally limited