Only claims for payment of a certain sum of money in euros can be asserted in dunning proceedings. If, for example, you want to enforce the delivery of goods or the eviction from your home, the order for payment procedure is not permitted.
The special feature of the order for payment procedure is that the court does not check whether the creditor is actually entitled to the claim asserted. Anyone who receives an order to pay must therefore check for themselves whether they owe the creditor the sum of money stated therein.
Upon your proper application, the Central Dunning Court issues an order to pay, which is served on the defendant ex officio. If the defendant files an objection in due time, the proceedings will be transferred to the trial court designated in the order for payment application if you or the defendant request that the contentious proceedings be conducted. If the parties agree that the proceedings shall be transferred to another trial court, the proceedings shall be transferred to that court. The surrender is associated with further court costs. The claim will then be decided by way of contentious civil proceedings.
If the defendant does not lodge an objection to the order for payment within the generally two-week objection period (in labor court proceedings the objection period is only one week), you can apply to the Central Order for Payment Court for an enforcement order to be issued. Thereupon - provided that the fee for the order for payment procedure has been paid - the Central Order for Payment Court will issue an enforcement order and serve it on the defendant ex officio. If the defendant lodges an objection against the enforcement notice, the legal dispute shall be transferred ex officio to the trial court designated in the application for an order for payment. Otherwise, the enforcement notice becomes final upon expiry of the generally two-week objection period (in labor court proceedings, the objection period is only one week). You can proceed directly to enforcement against the defendant from the enforcement notice without an enforcement clause.
Further information on the dunning procedure can be found on the website of the German dunning courts(www.mahngerichte.de) and in the leaflet "Mahnverfahren - ein kurzer Prozess" and the brochure "Die maschinelle Bearbeitung des gerichtlichen Mahnverfahrens" (see "Further links").
Further information on enforcement (following the issue of an enforcement notice) can be found in the brochure "Die Zwangsvollstreckung" (see "Further links").
The easiest way for citizens to submit an application is via the online dunning application procedure(www.online-mahnantrag.de).
With the help of interactive user guidance, applications for the issuance of an order for payment can be entered on the Internet, checked for plausibility and then printed out on normal white paper for submission to the order for payment court. The program also prints out a barcode that can be read automatically in the dunning court. It is important to print in good quality (e.g. laser printer). A form is not required for this. Then send the printed and signed application for the issuance of the order for payment - please unfolded in a DIN A4 envelope - by mail to the Central Order for Payment Court Coburg, Heiligkreuzstraße 22, 96450 Coburg (phone: 09561/878-5). It is also possible to submit follow-up applications or to lodge an objection via the website www.online-mahnantrag.de.
It is also possible to submit an application electronically to the order for payment court using a secure transmission channel as defined in Section 130a (4) of the German Code of Civil Procedure (ZPO), e.g. via the special electronic. Holders of a chip card with a qualified digital signature can send the application recorded on the Internet to the order for payment court online without still having to print it out. Submission by simple e-mail is not permitted. Further information can be found on the website www.online-mahnantrag.de under the tab "Print/Sign", there in the sub-tab "EDA-Download".
If you do not wish to use the "Online Dunning Application", you will need a special application form for submitting the application due to the machine processing. This form is available in paper and stationery shops. Please make sure that you use the valid version (currently version 01.07.2017) of the application form. The completed form must be sent to the Central Dunning Court at the Coburg Local Court (Heiligkreuzstraße 22, 96450 Coburg, telephone: 09561-878-5). If you have difficulties filling out the form, you can contact the legal application office [LM1] at the local court in your place of residence.
Lawyers, public authorities and legal persons under public law [AMD1] must send applications to the (dunning) court in machine-readable form as electronic documents, i.e. online via the dunning procedure described above or by way of online application from professional dunning software.
Objection or opposition
The opposition or objection must be submitted in writing or via a secure means of transmission within the meaning of Section 130a (4) of the Code of Civil Procedure; transmission by simple e-mail is not sufficient. Submission as an electronic document is admissible by means of a qualified electronic signature or by transmission via a secure means of transmission within the meaning of Section 130a (4) of the Code of Civil Procedure in conjunction with a simple digital signature.