Animals and goods of animal origin; monitoring of trade
The monitoring of trade in animals and goods of animal origin is the task of the official veterinarians at the district offices and serves to ensure compliance with regulations on animal diseases, animal protection and foodstuffs.
With the creation of the common internal market, the aim has been to achieve the freest possible trade in all areas, and this has largely been achieved. In the case of trade in animals and goods, this means that appropriate animal health and food safety rules must be observed in all Member States of the European Union in order to prevent the spread of animal diseases and to ensure human health, particularly when food of animal origin is consumed.
In the case of national and intra-Community trade and imports of animals and goods of animal origin from so-called third countries (countries that are not members of the European Union), compliance with the animal health, animal welfare and food safety regulations is controlled and ensured.
The task and aim is to
- to prevent the spread and introduction of animal diseases that pose a risk to our animals, but also to humans, such as rabies (dogs, cats) or foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). Animal diseases can be transmitted or introduced both by live animals and by animal products and articles, such as meat and meat products, hides and skins, feathers, hunting trophies, blood and blood products or animal feed.
- to ensure that foodstuffs are safe for human consumption. In the EU, establishments that process or handle food are subject to uniform working and hygiene rules. In the case of meat and meat products, for example, inspections check that the goods come from approved establishments in the EU or are imported from a third country that is allowed to supply the EU. In this context, checks are also carried out to ensure that the prescribed animal health and hygiene conditions are complied with. Particular attention is paid to compliance with transport and storage conditions.
- in the case of live animals, to check that transport takes place under conditions that respect animal welfare and to combat abuses.
In the case of imports of live animals and goods of animal origin from third countries, the checks are carried out by veterinarians at so-called border inspection posts. The European Union (EU) has a network of these border inspection posts, which all operate to the same standards, at all major points of entry into its territory by land, air and sea. They are headed by an official veterinarian. Bavaria has a border inspection post at Munich Airport, which is part of the Bavarian Food Safety and Veterinary Control Authority (KBLV).
The regulations on the movement of animals and goods apply in principle not only to commercial imports but also to private individuals carrying e.g. dogs, foodstuffs and other goods of animal origin. This is particularly important for imports from third countries.
You can find out which regulations must be observed in detail and for which cases exceptions are possible from your veterinary office or the Munich Airport border control point. Information on this subject is also available on the Internet from the Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection, the Bavarian State Ministry for the Environment and Consumer Protection, and the customs service centers.
A naming of deadlines is not meaningful, since the legal regulations can change at short notice. It is recommended to inform yourself about the legal provisions in good time before a planned import / transfer / journey.
- no indication possible, as the amount of the fees depends on the individual case
Links to more information
Responsible for editing: Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Umwelt und Verbraucherschutz
- Online transactions, Bavaria-wide
- Online transactions, locally limited
- Prefillable Form, Bavaria-wide
- Legal bases, Bavaria-wide
- Legal bases, locally limited
- Fees, Bavaria-wide
- Fees, locally limited