According to the Atomic Energy Act (§ 9a AtG), the federal states have to establish state collection centers for the acceptance and interim storage of radioactive waste.
For this purpose, the Free State of Bavaria has founded the Sammelstelle Bayern für radioaktive Stoffe GmbH (GRB). The company has all the necessary permits, equipment and storage facilities in Mitterteich.
The waste comes mainly from hospitals, medical practices and research institutions. This mainly involves contaminated protective clothing, syringes, cleaning materials and irradiation sources, test sources and experimental equipment that can no longer be used.
The Bavarian State Collection Point accepts radioactive waste,
- which a party obliged to deliver has to deliver to it in accordance with § 5 para. 4 of the Nuclear Waste Management Ordinance (AtEV) and which complies with the provisions of its acceptance conditions (see "Further links") and
- whose delivery has been approved by the competent authority in accordance with Section 5 (5) of the Nuclear Waste Management Ordinance (AtEV).
If the radioactive waste contains "nuclear material" in the sense of EURATOM Regulation 302/2005 of 08.02.2005, delivery of this radioactive waste to the Bavarian State Collection Point is possible subject to approval by the Bavarian State Collection Point and may require a separate agreement. "Nuclear material" in the sense of EURATOM Regulation 302/2005 is: Natural uranium, depleted uranium, enriched uranium, thorium, plutonium.
The radioactive waste taken over by the Bavarian State Collection Point is checked for the possibility of harmless recycling. If this shows that recycling is possible and economically justifiable according to the state of the art in science and technology, the radioactive waste is recycled as residual material.
In accordance with Section 5 (6) of the Nuclear Waste Disposal Ordinance (AtEV), the state collection point generally transfers the radioactive waste temporarily stored at it to a federal facility for the securing and final disposal of radioactive waste.