unexploded bombs and munitions; information on behaviour and responsibility

Explosive ordnance - particularly unexploded bombs and World War 2 munitions - continues to be found. If you find explosive ordnance: Hands off, immediately notify the police!

Description

Explosive ordnance - in particular unexploded bombs and ammunition from the Second World War - continues to be found, especially in connection with construction projects or in "nature". Such explosive ordnance can pose a considerable risk. Improper handling therefore poses a considerable risk and can cause serious hazards, which can also happen unintentionally, for example during ground intervention.

If you find bomb duds and munitions: Hands off, call the police immediately!

  • It is imperative that you leave the objects untouched!
  • The police will take the necessary steps to remove the danger.
  • Anyone who handles explosive ordnance without the necessary special expertise endangers their own life and often the lives of others! Such actions may also be punishable under criminal law.

Special responsibility of property owners and builders

  • Property owners are generally responsible for eliminating specific hazards posed by explosive ordnance on their property.
  • The responsibility for hazards posed by explosive ordnance during construction work lies with the building owners. They must also investigate any suspicion of explosive ordnance, arrange for the necessary measures to be taken and commission the appropriate specialist companies for this purpose.
  • The basis for precautionary measures is above all property-related historical research and a related risk assessment. In most cases, the municipalities also have archival documents on war-related events.
  • The production and certification of the so-called "absence of explosive ordnance" is the responsibility of the relevant specialist companies. The assessment of the explosive ordnance load of properties is also not part of the tasks of the explosive ordnance disposal service or other services.
  • Explosive ordnance found or recovered by specialist companies is disposed of free of charge by the Explosive Ordnance Disposal Service.

Notes, information and rules of conduct

Relevant notes, information and rules of conduct on the dangers posed by explosive ordnance and on how to avert them are contained in the announcement "Defense against dangers posed by explosive ordnance". The announcement can be accessed on the website of the State Ministry of the Interior and Integration (see "Further links") together with information on how to proceed in the case of properties possibly contaminated with explosive ordnance and the address lists "Specialist companies in explosive ordnance disposal" and "Specialist companies in aerial photo evaluation".

Status: 17.09.2021

Responsible for editing: Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Sport und Integration

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Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Sport und Integration
Abteilung D - Feuerwehr, Rettungsdienst und Katastrophenschutz

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