Money laundering; implementation of supervision

The Money Laundering Act (Geldwäschegesetz - GwG) requires compliance with security measures and due diligence requirements for the performance of particularly vulnerable trades and professional activities. This is intended to prevent misuse for the purpose of money laundering.

Description

Prerequisites

The obligated parties in the so-called "non-financial sector" include, pursuant to

  • § Pursuant to Section 2 (1) No. 6 AMLA, "financial enterprises"

    Pursuant to Section 1 (24) Sentence 1 AMLA, financial enterprises are enterprises whose main activity consists of,
    • acquiring, holding or disposing of participations (as a rule, holding companies in the industrial sector are not obligated parties under the AMLA; holding companies which exclusively hold participations in companies outside the credit institution, financial institution and insurance sectors and which do not engage in entrepreneurial activities beyond the tasks associated with the administration of the participation holdings are not financial enterprises within the meaning of the AMLA),
    • to acquire monetary receivables with a financing function against payment (in particular, securitization transactions and cases of factoring are covered here, whereas collection activities are generally not),
    • to trade in financial instruments for their own account ("proprietary trading"),
    • financial investment intermediaries pursuant to § 34 f (1) sentence 1 of the German Trade Regulation Act (Gewerbeordnung),
    • fee-based financial investment advisors pursuant to Section 34 h (1) Sentence 1 of the Trade Regulation Act, unless the brokerage and advisory services relate exclusively to investments distributed or issued by obligated parties pursuant to this Act,
    • advising companies on capital structure, industrial strategy and related issues, and advising and providing services to companies in the event of mergers and acquisitions (in particular mergers and acquisitions advice), or
    • to arrange loans between credit institutions (money broking)

      The obligation also applies to branches and subsidiaries of such companies located in Germany and having their registered office abroad, unless they are already covered by Section 2 (1) Nos. 1 to 5, 7, 9 10, 12 or 13 (for example, as a credit institution).
  • § Section 2 (1) No. 8 AMLA "Insurance Intermediaries"

    Insurance intermediaries are among the "obligated persons" of the AMLA if they act as so-called "unbound intermediaries" and, within the scope of this activity, offer
    • Offer life insurance activities with an investment purpose,
    • offer accident insurance with return of premium or
    • offer money loans and acceptance credits.
  • § Section 2 (1) No. 11 GwG

    Legal advisors who are not members of a bar association and registered persons pursuant to Section 10 of the Legal Services Act, insofar as they provide activities pursuant to Section 2 (1) No. 10 letters a to d GwG1), with the exception of the provision of collection services within the meaning of Section 2 (2) sentence 1 Legal Services Act. 1) Activities pursuant to Section 2 (1) No. 10 letters a to d:
    • Purchase and sale of real estate or commercial enterprises,
    • Management of money, securities or other assets,
    • Opening or managing bank, savings or securities accounts,
    • Raising the funds necessary for the establishment, operation or management of companies,
    • establishing, operating or managing trusts, companies or similar structures,
    • carry out financial or real estate transactions in the name and for the account of the Client,
    • advise the client with respect to the client's capital structure, industrial strategy or related matters; or
    • Provide advice or services in connection with mergers or acquisitions.

  • § Section 2 (1) No. 13 AMLA

    Service providers for companies and trusts or fiduciaries who do not belong to the professions listed in numbers 10 to 12, if they provide any of the following services to third parties:
    • Establishment of a legal entity or partnership,
    • Exercising the management or executive function of a legal entity or a partnership, exercising the function of a partner of a partnership or exercising a comparable function,
    • Providing a registered office, business, administrative or postal address and other related services to a legal entity, to a partnership or to a legal arrangement under Section 3(3),
    • Performing the function of a trustee for a legal arrangement under Section 3(3),
    • Performing the function of a nominal shareholder for another person that is not a company listed on an organized market pursuant to Section 2 (11) of the Securities Trading Act, which is subject to transparency requirements in respect of voting shares in accordance with Community law or equivalent international standards,
    • creating the possibility for another person to perform the functions referred to in Section 2 (1) no. 13 letters b, d and e.

  • § Section 2 (1) No. 14 AMLA in conjunction with Section 1 (11) AMLA

Real estate agents, insofar as they commercially broker the conclusion of purchase, lease or rental agreements for real property, rights equivalent to real property, commercial premises or residential premises.

  • § Section 2 (1) No. 16 GwG in conjunction with Section 1 (9), (23) GwG

Dealers in goods (persons who sell goods commercially, regardless of in whose name or for whose account they are acting), art brokers (those who commercially broker the conclusion of sales contracts for art objects, also as auctioneers or gallery owners) and art warehouse keepers (those who commercially store art objects), insofar as the warehousing takes place in duty-free zones.

Forms

Please select a location in "Localization" so that the address of the responsible authority can be filled in.

Fees

  • The supervisory authorities may charge costs (see Annex to the Schedule of Costs, No. 2.II.3) to cover administrative expenses (Section 51 (4) AMLA).

Links to more information

Status:20.06.2023

Responsible for editing:Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Sport und Integration

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  • Online transactions, Bavaria-wide
  • Online transactions, locally limited
  • Form, Bavaria-wide
  • Form, locally limited
  • Prefillable Form, Bavaria-wide
  • Legal bases, Bavaria-wide
  • Legal bases, locally limited
  • Fees, Bavaria-wide
  • Fees, locally limited
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Responsible for you

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