Civil protection; information on the tasks of the civil protection authorities

The task of the disaster control authorities is to avert disasters and to take the necessary preparatory measures. The disaster control authorities in Bavaria are the district administrative authorities (district offices and municipalities), the governments and the Bavarian State Ministry of the Interior, for Sport and Integration.


A disaster in the sense of the Bavarian Disaster Control Act (BayKSG) is an event in which the life or health of a large number of people or the natural basis of life (environment) or significant material assets are endangered or damaged to an unusual extent and the danger can only be averted or the disturbance can only be prevented and eliminated if the authorities, departments, organisations and the forces deployed cooperate under the direction of the disaster control authority.

In Bavaria, the disaster control authorities are the district administrative authorities - i.e. the district administrative offices and the independent municipalities -, the governments and the Bavarian State Ministry of the Interior, for Sport and Integration. The disaster control authorities have the task of averting disasters and taking the necessary preparatory measures for this.

Disaster control is primarily based on the emergency forces of the fire brigades, the voluntary relief organisations and the THW (Technisches Hilfswerk). In addition, all authorities and departments of the Free State of Bavaria, the municipalities, the districts and the counties, the other corporations, institutions and foundations under public law subject to the supervision of the Free State of Bavaria, as well as the voluntary welfare associations are obliged to provide disaster relief.

Command and control in disaster control

The disaster control authority (as a rule, the district administration, independent municipality) determines the existence and also the end of a disaster (Art. 4 BayKSG). Once the disaster has been declared, it directs the operation and ensures that all measures are coordinated (Art. 5 BayKSG). To this end, it has a comprehensive right to issue instructions to all deployed forces and participating authorities of the same or a lower level (Art. 5 BayKSG). Article 2(3) BayKSG gives the governments and the Bavarian State Ministry of the Interior, for Sport and Integration a right of entry, i.e. they can take over the operational command themselves.

For the performance of its tasks at the scene of the damage, the disaster control authority is to appoint a local head of operations. Within the scope of the mandate and the instructions of the disaster control authority, the local head of operations directs all operational measures on site and can issue instructions to all deployed forces (Art. 6 BayKSG).

Tasks of the disaster control authorities

Preparatory measures

  • Planning
    • Alarm planning in fire and disaster control
    • General disaster control planning
    • Special disaster control plans for facilities and installations with a special hazard potential
  • Regulations
    • Regulation of command and control in the event of disasters and major incidents
    • Training and further training
  • Exercises

Operational command in the event of a disaster

  • Overall operational command
  • Coordination of all operational measures, emergency forces and authorities involved
  • Requesting external resources/emergency forces

Status: 17.11.2021

Responsible for editing: Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Sport und Integration

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