Model flight permit; application

For the operation of an unmanned aerial vehicle within the scope of air sports associations, you need a permit in certain cases


Under the umbrella term "unmanned aerial vehicles", unmanned aerial systems are colloquially referred to as "drones" and model aircraft. Unmanned aerial systems include, for example, quadro/hexa/octocopters for commercial photography, advertising airships, and also model aircraft when used for commercial purposes.

When used for sports or recreational purposes, they are model aircraft. Legally, model aircraft and unmanned aerial systems are treated largely the same as unmanned aerial vehicles.

Since 31.12.2020, the Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/947 on the rules and procedures for the operation of unmanned aerial vehicles applies in principle to the operation of unmanned aerial systems. In addition, some provisions of national law for the operation of model aircraft must also be observed (in particular § 21 f Luftverkehrs-Ordnung (LuftVO)).

If the operation of model aircraft takes place within the framework of air sports associations, a permit is required, provided that the model aircraft is

  1. with more than 12 kilograms take-off mass
  2. with rocket propulsion, provided that the mass of the propellant is more than 20 g,
  3. with an internal combustion engine, operated at a distance of less than 1.5 km from residential areas.

In addition, the operation of all model aircraft at night within the meaning of Article 2, sentence 2, number 34 of the Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/947 requires permission.

The respective applications are to be submitted informally.

If the operation takes place within the framework of air sports associations, remote pilots of model aircraft with a take-off mass of more than 2 kg must additionally participate in a training measure of the air sports association in accordance with § 21 f para. 2 LuftVO, through which sufficient knowledge is gained in the

  1. the use and safe control of the operated model aircraft
  2. the relevant principles of aviation law and
  3. the local airspace regulations

are proven.

If the operation does not take place within the framework of air sports associations, operation within the framework of the Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/947 in the open category is also possible as an alternative. In this case, the requirements and conditions of the respective subcategory A1, A2 or A3 must be complied with.

Regardless of whether the operation takes place according to LuftVO or Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/947, § 21 h para. 3 LuftVO must be observed (operation in geographical areas)

Required documents

  • for model aircraft sites: expert opinion of a model aircraft expert on the suitability of the site


Please select a location in "Localization" so that the address of the responsible authority can be filled in.

  • Prefillable Form, Bavaria-wide: Formloser Antrag (mit Unterschrift)
    Please note

    This form has to be signed and sent to the responsible authority. You can sign the form manually and send it by email/fax or sign the form electronically with your qualified electronic signature an send it by (secure) email. If the responsible authority has set up a De-Mail account, you can also send the form by De-Mail using an sender-confirmed message.

    Dieser Assistent unterstützt Sie bei der Erstellung eines formlosen Schreibens, wenn die zuständige Stelle kein Antragsformular zur Verfügung stellt.


  • Permit according to § 21 f Abs. 4 LuftVO: 50,00 - 3.500,00 EUR

Status: 14.10.2022

Responsible for editing: Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Wohnen, Bau und Verkehr

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  • Online transactions, Bavaria-wide
  • Online transactions, locally limited
  • Prefillable Form, Bavaria-wide
  • Legal bases, Bavaria-wide
  • Legal bases, locally limited
  • Fees, Bavaria-wide
  • Fees, locally limited
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