Education pension; application

If you are raising a child alone because your divorced partner died, you may be eligible for child-rearing pensions in many cases.

Description

The child-raising pension supports you as a single parent if your divorced partner from a marriage or civil partnership dies. The pension thus serves as a substitute for maintenance and allows you to devote more time to raising your children.

The education pension is a pension from your own pension account. The amount is equal to the pension you would receive if you were fully incapacitated. Your annual pension information will tell you what amount this is based on. If your pension starts before the age limit that applies to you, you will have to accept deductions that reduce your pension. For each month that you retire earlier, the deduction is 0.3 percent, up to a maximum of 10.8 percent in total.

If you receive the education pension, you can earn additional income. However, your income may be counted if you exceed an allowance. The amount of this allowance is calculated individually.

You can also receive the child-raising pension if you had decided as a couple to share your pension rights (pension splitting).

You cannot receive a child-raising pension if you are receiving another, higher pension from the statutory pension insurance scheme at the same time.

Prerequisites

  • your marriage was divorced, declared null and void or annulled after June 30, 1977, or

  • if the marriage was dissolved before July 1, 1977, the maintenance claim was based on GDR law,

  • Your divorced partner has died,

  • you are raising your own child or a child of your former partner who is under 18 years of age.

    • The child may also be a stepchild, foster child, grandchild or sibling.
    • If you are raising a disabled child, he or she may also be older than 18.
  • You have not remarried and have not registered a new domestic partnership.

  • You have been insured under the pension scheme for at least 5 years until the death of your divorced partner (general waiting period).

  • You have not yet reached the standard retirement age. This is the date from which you can draw the regular old-age pension

Education pension in case of pension splitting

Education pensions can also be paid to widowed insured persons if the marriage or registered civil partnership still existed at the time of death. An additional prerequisite is then that the spouses have carried out pension splitting.

Procedure

You can apply for the child-raising pension in writing, in person or via the online procedure.

Tip: Before submitting your application, you can seek advice from the German Pension Insurance.

Written pension application:

  • Download the parental pension form package from the Deutsche Rentenversicherung website. Fill out the application for insured person's pension and the forms mentioned in it completely and compile the required documents.
  • You can submit your completed and signed application together with the required documents to either
    • send it by mail to the Deutsche Rentenversicherung or
    • hand it in at one of the local advice centers.
  • When your pension application has arrived, you will receive a confirmation of receipt.
  • Deutsche Rentenversicherung will check your application for completeness and, if necessary, request any missing documents.
  • Deutsche Rentenversicherung will check the requirements for your pension entitlement and the completeness of your insurance history. If necessary, it will clarify gaps in your insurance history.
  • The German Pension Insurance clarifies other facts, for example, your health insurance relationship, whether you earn additional income or receive another pension.
  • If you are entitled to the education pension, you will receive a pension notice with information on the start date, the start of the current payment and the amount. Furthermore, you will be informed about your rights and obligations.
  • If you are not entitled to the education pension, you will receive a rejection notice with the reason for the rejection.

Pension application via online procedure:

  • Go to the online portal of the German Pension Insurance and log in. You can use your signature card, your ID card with electronic proof of identity or your electronic residence permit for this purpose.
  • Fill out the form for the education pension and upload the necessary documents. Then submit your pension application online.
  • When your pension application is received, you will receive a confirmation of receipt.
  • Deutsche Rentenversicherung will check your application for completeness and request any missing documents if necessary.
  • Deutsche Rentenversicherung checks the requirements for your pension entitlement and the insurance history for completeness. If necessary, it will clarify gaps in your insurance history.
  • The German Pension Insurance clarifies other facts, for example, your health insurance relationship, whether you earn additional income or receive another pension.
  • If you are entitled to the education pension, you will receive a pension notice with information on the start date, the start of the current payment and the amount. Furthermore, you will be informed about your rights and obligations.
  • If you are not entitled to the education pension, you will receive a rejection notice with the reason for the rejection.

Personal application during the consultation:

  • Compile the required documents and make an appointment at an information and counseling center of the German Pension Insurance.
  • During the consultation, your application for an education pension will usually be recorded electronically right away and forwarded online.
  • When your pension application has arrived, you will receive a confirmation of receipt.
  • The German Pension Insurance will check the application for completeness and, if necessary, request any missing documents.
  • Deutsche Rentenversicherung checks the requirements for your pension entitlement and your insurance history for completeness. If necessary, it will clarify gaps in your insurance history.
  • The German Pension Insurance clarifies other facts, for example, your health insurance relationship, whether you earn additional income or receive an accident pension.
  • If you are entitled to the child-raising pension, you will receive a pension notice with information on the start date, the start of the current payment and the amount. Furthermore, you will be informed about your rights and obligations.
  • If you are not entitled to the education pension, you will receive a rejection notice with the reason for the rejection.

The pension application can also be submitted by a person you trust. For this purpose, please submit a corresponding power of attorney to the German Pension Insurance. As long as the power of attorney is valid, it will be addressed exclusively to your authorized person.

Deadlines

Payment of the child-raising pension

  • Your pension starts on the first of the calendar month at the beginning of which you meet the requirements, if you submit the application within three calendar months.
  • If the application is submitted later, the pension will be paid to you from the month of application.

End of the child-raising pension

  • Your pension ends at the end of the month in which the prerequisites cease to apply. The conditions cease to apply, for example, if you remarry, your child turns 18 or you reach the standard retirement age.

Processing time

usually about 4 months

Required documents

  • Required Documents

    • valid identity card or passport

    • Evidence that is not recorded in the insurance history, for example:

      • Offset certificates
      • Proof of own training periods
      • Proof of own unemployment
      • Proof of own periods of illness
    • Death certificate of the partner

    • Marriage certificate/partnership certificate

    • Proof of dissolution of marriage or registered partnership

    • Details of your income

    • Last pension adjustment notification of the deceased or other pension documents

    • If another person is making the application

      • Power of attorney or
      • Order of the court

Forms

  • Form, Bavaria-wide: Formularpaket zur Erziehungsrente zum Herunterladen
    Please note

    This form has to be signed and sent to the responsible authority. You can sign the form manually and send it by email/fax or sign the form electronically with your qualified electronic signature an send it by (secure) email. If the responsible authority has set up a De-Mail account, you can also send the form by De-Mail using an sender-confirmed message.

Online procedures

Fees

  • None

Status: 27.08.2022

Responsible for editing: Bundesministerium für Arbeit und Soziales

Contains machine translated content. Show the original content

  • Online transactions, Bavaria-wide
  • Online transactions, locally limited
  • Prefillable Form, Bavaria-wide
  • Legal bases, Bavaria-wide
  • Legal bases, locally limited
  • Fees, Bavaria-wide
  • Fees, locally limited
Bild zur Leistungsbeschreibung

Responsible for you

If you select a location under "Localization" the contact details of the responsible authority and, if applicable, locally valid information will be displayed.