Child benefit; application

If you have a child, you can apply for child benefit.

Description

The payment of child benefit does not depend on your income. The amount is staggered according to the number of your children:

  • for the first and second child EUR 219.00 each,
  • for the third child EUR 225,00 and
  • for each additional child EUR 250.00

In principle, you are entitled to child benefit from the birth of your child until the 18th birthday. Even after that, you may still be entitled to child benefit, but at most until your child's 25th birthday:

  • Children between 18 and 21: You will get child benefit if
    • your child is not gainfully employed and
    • is registered as a job seeker.
  • Children between 18 and 25: You get child benefit if
    • Your child is in training (school/job/study),
    • Your child is in a transitional period lasting a maximum of four months, for example, between school graduation and vocational training or a recognized voluntary service.
    • Your child cannot start or continue his/her training because he/she has not found a training place.
    • Your child is doing a recognized voluntary service.
    • If your child has already completed initial vocational training but is still in training, for example, and works up to 20 hours per week.

If your child has a disability and cannot support himself or herself financially, you are still entitled to child benefits after your child's 25th birthday. However, the disability must have occurred before the child's 25th birthday and must have been the cause of your child's inability to support himself or herself financially.

Child benefit will be paid to you if your child lives in your sole household. If the child lives with both parents, you can jointly decide which of you should receive the child benefit.

Prerequisites

Requirements that apply to you as parents:

  • You are subject to unlimited income tax liability in Germany or are assessed as such. This also applies to nationals of the EU, the EEA or Switzerland. A domestic residence is not mandatory.
  • For EU or EEA nationals moving to Germany as of August 2019, additional requirements apply. In the first 3 months from entry, you must earn domestic income; from the 4th month from entry, the requirements of the Freedom of Movement Act must be met. Citizens of the Union are entitled to freedom of movement if they
    • are self-employed or employed
    • are job-seeking or involuntarily unemployed
    • can derive their right to freedom of movement from a family member
    • have sufficient means of subsistence and adequate health insurance coverage, or
    • have acquired a permanent right of residence.
  • You are not a citizen of the EU, the EEA or Switzerland, but hold a valid settlement permit or a specific other residence title that entitles you to pursue gainful employment, or
  • You are a legally recognized refugee or entitled to asylum.

Requirements that apply to your child:

  • Your child must be resident or ordinarily resident in Germany or in another EU or EEA country or Switzerland.
  • You may also be entitled to child benefit if your child lives in a household in the EU, EEA or Switzerland, but, for example, you or the other parent is subject to unlimited income tax liability in Germany or is so assessed.

Procedure

You must apply for child support in writing.

If you want to submit the application online:

  • Go to the Familienkasse website, select the appropriate section for them and follow the instructions.
  • Submit the required documents by mail.
  • The Familienkasse will notify you by mail whether you are entitled to child benefits.
  • If your application is approved, the Familienkasse will pay you the child benefit each month.
  • If you work in the public sector or receive pension benefits, you may receive the child benefit from your employer or employer's employer, unless the employer has waived its special responsibility. In this case, you must also submit the application to your employer.

If you wish to submit the application in writing by mail:

  • Please use the forms for your application that you can obtain from your responsible family benefits office or on the Internet at www.familienkasse.de. You can also complete the application online.
  • Send the signed application by mail to the family benefits office responsible for you.
  • The family benefits office will notify you by mail whether you are entitled to child benefits.
  • If your application is approved, the Familienkasse will pay you the child benefit each month.
  • If you work in the public sector or receive pension benefits, then you may receive the child benefit from your employer or employer's employer, unless the employer has waived its special responsibility.
  • You must inform your family benefits office immediately if there is any change in your situation that could affect the child benefit (e.g. child drops out of school, you or another parent take up gainful employment abroad).

Special notes

The responsible family benefits office checks at certain intervals whether you still meet the requirements for child benefit entitlement.

If you work in the public sector and your employer or employer has not yet waived its special responsibility, please contact the department of your employer or employer responsible for your child benefit.

Deadlines

None

Note: Once the application is received, child benefits will be paid retroactively for no more than the previous six months.

Processing time

Processing usually takes place within one month of receipt of the complete application for child benefits.

Note: Use the online service of the Familienkasse to shorten the processing time.

Required documents

  • Required Documents

    • The tax identification number of the child or children,
    • the tax identification number of the parent claiming child benefit, and
    • any additional documents (e.g. birth certificate, proof of the child's school/vocational training, severely disabled person's ID card).

Forms

  • Form, Bavaria-wide: Antrag auf Kindergeld auf der Internetseite der Familienkasse der Bundesagentur für Arbeit
    Please note

    This form has to be signed and sent to the responsible authority. You can sign the form manually and send it by email/fax or sign the form electronically with your qualified electronic signature an send it by (secure) email. If the responsible authority has set up a De-Mail account, you can also send the form by De-Mail using an sender-confirmed message.

  • Form, Bavaria-wide: Anlage Kind auf der Internetseite der Familienkasse der Bundesagentur für Arbeit
    Please note

    This form has to be signed and sent to the responsible authority. You can sign the form manually and send it by email/fax or sign the form electronically with your qualified electronic signature an send it by (secure) email. If the responsible authority has set up a De-Mail account, you can also send the form by De-Mail using an sender-confirmed message.

  • Form, Bavaria-wide: Antrag auf Kindergeld für Kinder bei Eintritt der Volljährigkeit auf der Internetseite der Bundesagentur für Arbeit
    Please note

    This form has to be signed and sent to the responsible authority. You can sign the form manually and send it by email/fax or sign the form electronically with your qualified electronic signature an send it by (secure) email. If the responsible authority has set up a De-Mail account, you can also send the form by De-Mail using an sender-confirmed message.

  • Form, Bavaria-wide: Veränderungsmitteilung zum Kindergeld auf der Internetseite der Bundesagentur für Arbeit
    Please note

    This form has to be signed and sent to the responsible authority. You can sign the form manually and send it by email/fax or sign the form electronically with your qualified electronic signature an send it by (secure) email. If the responsible authority has set up a De-Mail account, you can also send the form by De-Mail using an sender-confirmed message.

Online procedures

Fees

  • none

Remedy

  • Objection

Status: 12.07.2022

Responsible for editing: Bundesagentur für Arbeit

Contains machine translated content. Show the original content

  • Online transactions, Bavaria-wide
  • Online transactions, locally limited
  • Prefillable Form, Bavaria-wide
  • Legal bases, Bavaria-wide
  • Legal bases, locally limited
  • Fees, Bavaria-wide
  • Fees, locally limited
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