The official geodata describe the topography, the properties and the buildings in an application-neutral manner for the whole of Bavaria.
Our environment is constantly changing. The current documentation of our living space in maps, aerial photographs and in the real estate cadastre is the task of the Bavarian Surveying Administration. It records the basic geodata, describes them in information systems and presents them on maps.
Uniformity, area coverage and high topicality for the whole of Bavaria are the quality features of the official geodata of the Bavarian Surveying Administration.
The following product descriptions provide an overview of the wide variety of geodata of the Bavarian Surveying Administration:
- Real Estate Cadastre (ALKIS®)
The real estate cadastre is the official register according to which properties are designated in the land register. It is the only continuously updated and comprehensive record of all real estate in Bavaria. The properties and buildings are described and graphically represented in the real estate cadastre. It provides information on the shape, size, boundaries and local location of the properties as well as on the type and delimitation of use. It also contains the legally binding land valuation results.
The Offices for Digitisation, Broadband and Surveying are responsible for maintaining the real estate cadastre. All data is stored in the official real estate cadastre information system, ALKIS®for short.
Parts of ALKIS® are
The cadastral map, which is the representative part of the real estate cadastre.
The owner data (formerly the Automatisiertes Liegenschaftsbuch, ALB), it is the descriptive part and contains information about the owner.
The Actual Use (TN) describes how land is currently used on site. The actual use is subdivided according to the four nationally standardised upper groups of settlement, transport, vegetation and water.
The soil estimation data provide information on soil type, composition and yield capacity of the soil. They are collected by the "Official Agricultural Surveyors" at the tax offices and passed on to the Bavarian Surveying Administration.
The 3D building models are available throughout Bavaria (approx. 8.5 million buildings) in the "block model" with flat roof (Level of Detail 1, LoD1) and as a "block model" with standardised roof shapes (Level of Detail 2, LoD2). The floor plans correspond to the geometry of the buildings listed in the real estate cadastre. The building height is largely determined from data of laser scanning flights.
The house coordinates (also: georeferenced addresses) assign each building address its exact coordinates (street, house number, postal code, city; without specifying a proper name). The basis for recording the house coordinates are the exact building ground plans from the real estate cadastre as well as the postal codes of the Deutsche Post AG. The Bavarian Surveying Administration has more than 3 million current house coordinates available.
The house outlines represent georeferenced outline polygons of the building ground plans. They are ideal for a combination with the house coordinates.
The parcel coordinate is a point representative instead of the parcel geometry and is always located within the parcel. The product essentially contains the parcel information relevant to the geopositioning of parcels.
- Digital Landscape Model (DLM)
The Digital Landscape Model (DLM) describes the earth's surface in a structured form. It contains selected components (objects) of the topographic maps according to a nationwide uniform catalogue. Each object is assigned its geographical position, its geometric type (point, line or area) and material descriptions (attributes). The DLM is part of the Official Topographic Cartographic Information System, ATKIS® for short, and forms the basis for the production of topographic maps.
- Topographic maps (TK)
Topographic maps represent the visible part of the earth's surface. The terrain is represented in the form of contour lines and shaded areas. Digital topographic maps (DTK) are available at scales of 1:25,000, 1:50,000, 1:100,000 and 1:500,000.
Official topographic maps (ATK) are available in bookshops at scales of 1:25,000 and 1:100,000.
With its detailed representation, the ATK25 is ideal for individual leisure time planning, as it contains all signposted hiking trails and cycle paths.
The strengths of the ATK100 lie in the representation of large areas. Cyclists as well as motorcyclists or car drivers keep the overview with these maps.
The surrounding area map (UK50) at a scale of 1:50,000 is geared towards the coherent representation of areas of tourist interest, contains hiking and cycling trails as well as selected sights and leisure information.
- Digitale Ortskarte (DOK)
The Digitale Ortskarte (DOK) is a "city and town map" of the whole of Bavaria at a scale of 1:10,000. It is supplied in raster data format. In addition to topographic objects, the DOK contains all street names and points of interest (schools, museums, etc.) as well as all individual houses (derived from the cadastral map).
- Uraufnahmen and position sheets
The Uraufnahmen are the first cadastral maps of Bavaria and were produced between 1808 and 1864. They are available in different scales. Bavaria has about 24,000 map sheets and about 3,000 town and village sheets.
In addition to the cadastral surveys, the territory of Bavaria was topographically surveyed in the first half of the 19th century and mapped in so-called position sheets at a scale of 1:25,000.
- Digital Terrain Model (DTM)
The Digital Terrain Model is a three-dimensional model representation of the earth's surface without vegetation and buildings. The DTM is derived from laser scanning flights and describes the terrain in a regular grid. In the DTM5, for example, the grid width is 5 m, whereby each grid point is assigned a terrain height in addition to its position coordinates. The available grid widths range from 200 m to 1 m.
- Digital contour map (DHK)
The digital contour map represents the terrain shape by contour lines.
The layer spacing of the contour lines is 5 m or less; in flat terrain, the layer spacing is less to represent small shapes.
In addition to contour lines, selected elevation points are shown.
- Digital Surface Model (DOM)
The Digital Surface Model with a ground resolution of currently 40cm/pixel is a three-dimensional model representation of the earth's surface including the objects located on it (e.g. vegetation and buildings). Each grid point is assigned an X, Y and Z value. The update takes place in the cycle of the Bavarian aerial survey.
- Aerial photographs
Aerial photographs are high-resolution photographic vertical images of the earth's surface. As a photographic image of the landscape, they contain a wealth of information and can therefore be used in a variety of ways. Thanks to their high information density, aerial photographs represent an inexhaustible and valuable source for planning, documenting and researching our living space and allow historical comparisons.
Until 2002, the state's territory was predominantly surveyed in black and white. Since 2002, the systematic survey of Bavaria has been carried out exclusively in colour.
Since 2009, with the introduction of digital recording technology, CIR aer ial photographs (colour infrared aerial photographs) have also been available. These are composed of the wave range of the near infrared and the colour channels red and green. The CIR aerial images are used, for example, for nature and environmental protection tasks, for biotope mapping and for the interpretation and monitoring of vegetation.
Since 2017, aerial photography has taken place every 2 years.
- Orientedaerial photographs
For aerial photographs from the Bavarian survey, the orientation elements have also been available since 2003. The oriented aerial photographs can be used e.g. for a stereoscopic evaluation (3D acquisition), since the exact position of the aerial camera with its orientations was determined exactly at the time of the acquisition.
- Digital orthophotos (DOP)
Digital orthophotos are rectified aerial photographs. They represent the landscape true to nature and allow a true-to-scale and accurate reproduction of the depicted terrain including buildings. They are available in true colours (red, green, blue), the ground pixel size is 20 cm. Digital aerial photography with digital aerial cameras, which has been carried out since 2009, also makes it possible to produce digital colour infrared orthophotos (CIR-DOP), in which the different types of vegetation are clearly highlighted. They are available for the whole of Bavaria.
- Historical aerial photographs
The Bavarian State Aerial Photograph Archive in Neustadt a.d.Aisch contains approx. 900,000 analogue and approx. 500,000 digital aerial photographs. Of these, approx. 64,000 are from British and American reconnaissance flights from 1941 to 1945, the so-called Allied aerial photographs. For large parts of Bavaria (not covering the whole area) they are available in different image qualities.
By comparing aerial photographs from different eras, time series of a certain area can be presented.
- Satellite Positioning Service (SAPOS®)
SAPOS® is the official nationwide satellite positioning service of the surveying authorities. It improves the accuracy of the reception of signals from the American GPS, the Russian GLONASS and the European GALILEO systems by means of an area-wide network of observation stations. SAPOS® offers different accuracy levels between 3 meters and 1 centimeter. The SAPOS® reference stations are listed in the Official Fixed Point Information System, AFIS® for short. AFIS® contains information on the geodetic spatial reference, in particular on the position, height and gravity fixed points of the German National Survey.
- Agricultural Vehicle Positioning Service Bavaria (LFPS)
The Agricultural Vehicle Positioning Service LFPS Bavaria is a correction data service specifically tailored to the needs of modern agriculture. Satellite-supported parallel driving systems in modern agricultural machinery receive the correction data required for real-time positioning via LFPS. The farmer thus achieves an accuracy of approx. 3 cm. The exact positioning enables him to collect and evaluate location-specific data and to act precisely and accurately with the agricultural machinery. Due to the exact, official spatial reference, positions that have been determined once can also be found exactly in the future.
A large part of the geodata of the Bavarian Surveying Administration can be ordered online via various ordering applications and viewing services and downloaded or visualized directly.
Further information is available from the Customer Service of the Bavarian Surveying Administration
Links to more information
Mit GeodatenOnline können Sie Produkte der Bayerischen Vermessungsverwaltung direkt im Internet bestellen und herunterladen, z. B. Flurkartenausschnitte im Präsentationsformat zur Beurkundung von Grundstücksgeschäften.
Das Geoportal Bayern bietet einen zentralen Zugang zu einer Vielzahl von Geodaten, Geodatendiensten und Anwendungen von staatlichen, kommunalen und privaten Anbietern aus Bayern. Neben Geobasisdaten umfasst das Angebot beispielsweise Themen wie Naturschutz, Denkmalschutz, Geologie, Verkehr oder Bauleitplanung. Geodatendienste können mit einem Klick im BayernAtlas visualisiert und miteinander kombiniert werden.
In einer Reihe von Fachinformationssystemen werden Informationen beispielsweise speziell zu Umwelt-, Wirtschafts-, Planungs- oder Verkehrsthemen zusammengestellt und anschaulich präsentiert.
Responsible for editing: Landesamt für Digitalisierung, Breitband und Vermessung
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