Explosive substances; application for a storage permit

The storage (keeping) of explosive substances is subject to the requirements of the Explosives Act in conjunction with the Second Ordinance to the Explosives Act and usually requires a permit.


Explosive substances can pose great dangers. For this reason, explosives legislation places high demands on storage, among other things.

As a rule, the storage (keeping) of explosive substances requires a permit from the locally responsible trade supervisory office at the respective government. The question of whether a storage facility requires a permit depends essentially on the type and quantity of the substances.

Under certain circumstances, explosive substances may be stored without a storage permit under the so-called "small quantity regulation".

If the "small quantities" specified in the Second Ordinance to the Explosives Act (2. SprengV) are exceeded, a permit is required for storage.


The individual safety requirements to be met by a storage facility are regulated in the Second Ordinance to the Explosives Act (2. SprengV) and are also derived from the generally recognized safety rules. These are, in particular, the explosives storage guidelines drawn up by the Federal Minister of Labor and Social Affairs and published in the Bundesarbeitsblatt, Fachbeilage Arbeitsschutz.

Approval will only be granted if the storage facility and its operation meet the requirements to be placed on the location, the construction and the furnishing of the storage room.


  • Application is made in writing to the competent authority with the relevant details for a storage permit (e.g. NEM max., storage group, explosive substances to be stored, etc.).
  • Planning of an on-site visit
  • Coordination and submission of the required documents (e.g. expert opinion, construction description, type approval, fire protection statement, etc.)
  • Involvement of other authorities: Obtaining statements, as a rule, from district administrative authority and municipality.
  • After examination of all documents, the storage permit can be issued in accordance with §17 SprengG (German Explosives Act).

Special notes

If the quantities to be stored exceed a storage capacity of 10 tons, an immission control permit is required in accordance with the Federal Immission Control Act. The immission control approval includes the approval according to explosives law.

In Bavaria, such facilities are approved and monitored by the district administrative authorities under immission control law.



Processing time

The processing time is approximately 3 months once all documents are complete.

Required documents

  • Type approval, if applicable

    (if available)

  • Expert opinion, if necessary

    at the request of the authorities (with regard to fire protection, design, theft protection, protective distances, etc.)

  • Site plan and general plan
  • Building description, building plan

    Construction, theft protection, fire protection; alarm system, electrical equipment, type approval

  • Recommendation: prior criminal police consultation



Please select a location in "Localization" so that the address of the responsible authority can be filled in.

  • Prefillable Form, Bavaria-wide: Formloser Antrag (mit Unterschrift)
    Please note

    This form has to be signed and sent to the responsible authority. You can sign the form manually and send it by email/fax or sign the form electronically with your qualified electronic signature an send it by (secure) email. If the responsible authority has set up a De-Mail account, you can also send the form by De-Mail using an sender-confirmed message.

    Dieser Assistent unterstützt Sie bei der Erstellung eines formlosen Schreibens, wenn die zuständige Stelle kein Antragsformular zur Verfügung stellt.


  • The costs vary depending on the storage quantity. For a storage permit in accordance with § 17 SprengG, a framework fee of between 200.00 and 10,000.00 euros may be incurred.


Administrative court proceedings; information

administrative claim

Status: 30.08.2022

Responsible for editing: Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Umwelt und Verbraucherschutz

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  • Online transactions, Bavaria-wide
  • Online transactions, locally limited
  • Prefillable Form, Bavaria-wide
  • Legal bases, Bavaria-wide
  • Legal bases, locally limited
  • Fees, Bavaria-wide
  • Fees, locally limited
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