Explosive substances; application for a storage permit
The storage (keeping) of explosive substances is subject to the requirements of the Explosives Act in conjunction with the Second Ordinance to the Explosives Act and generally requires a permit.
Explosive substances can pose great dangers. For this reason, explosives legislation places high demands on storage, among other things.
The storage (keeping) of explosive substances usually requires a permit from the locally responsible trade supervisory office at the respective government. The question of whether a storage facility requires a permit essentially depends on the type and quantity of the substances.
Under certain circumstances, explosive substances may be stored without a storage permit under the so-called "small quantity regulation".
If the "small quantities" specified in the Second Ordinance to the Explosives Act (2. SprengV) are exceeded, a permit is required for storage.
The individual safety requirements to be met by a storage facility are regulated in the Second Ordinance to the Explosives Act (2. SprengV) and are also derived from the generally recognised safety regulations. These are, in particular, the explosives storage guidelines drawn up by the Federal Minister of Labour and Social Affairs and published in the Bundesarbeitsblatt, Fachbeilage Arbeitsschutz.
Approval is only granted if the storage facility and its operation meet the requirements to be placed on the location, the construction and the furnishing of the storage room.
- Application is made in writing to the competent authority with the relevant details for a storage permit (e.g. NEM max., storage group, explosive substances to be stored, etc.).
- Planning of an on-site visit
- Coordination and submission of the required documents (e.g. expert opinion, construction description, type approval, fire protection statement, etc.)
- Involvement of other authorities: Obtaining statements, as a rule, from the district administrative authority and the municipality.
- After examination of all documents, the storage permit can be issued in accordance with §17 SprengG.
If the quantities to be stored exceed a storage capacity of 10 tonnes, an immission control permit is required in accordance with the Federal Immission Control Act. The immission control permit includes the permit according to explosives law.
In Bavaria, such facilities are approved and monitored by the district administrative authorities under immission control law.
The processing time is approximately 3 months once all documents are complete.
Type approval, if applicable
Expert opinion, if necessary
at the request of the authorities (with regard to fire protection, design, theft protection, protective distances, etc.)
Site plan and general plan
Building description, building plan
Construction, theft protection, fire protection; alarm system, electrical equipment, type approval
Recommendation: prior criminal police consultation
Please select a location in "Localization" so that the address of the responsible authority can be filled in.
Responsible for editing: Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Umwelt und Verbraucherschutz
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