Pension due to death; application in case of disappearance

If spouses are divorced or parents are missing, the pension insurance can determine the presumed date of death. Then you can receive a corresponding pension.

Description

Prerequisites

Determination of missingness and the regular requirements of the requested type of pension.

Procedure

You can submit your application online, in person, or in writing.

Online application:

  • On the website of the German Pension Insurance (DRV) under "Online Services" you will find detailed information on the process.
  • If you follow the link "Submit application", you will be guided through the further steps and can select the desired application.
  • Alternatively, you can use the online services with registration. For example, you can see right away which insurance periods have already been recorded. You also save time and do not have to re-enter data you already know.
  • Complete the application in full and upload the required documents.
  • Submit your application online.
  • You will receive a confirmation of submission.
  • The responsible pension insurance institution will review your application.
  • You will receive a decision on your application.

In-person application:

  • Compile the necessary documents for your application and make an appointment with the DRV.
  • When making an appointment online, your personal data and, if possible, your insurance number are required.
  • You can select a desired counseling center and your preferred appointment time. Depending on the availability of free appointments, you will receive a proposal for a binding counseling appointment.
  • During your personal consultation, your application will be recorded electronically and forwarded online to the responsible pension insurance institution.
  • The responsible pension insurance institution will review your application.
  • You will receive a decision on your application.

Written application:

  • Go to the DRV's website.
  • Download the application form you need.
  • You can also pick up the form in person at the information and advice centers.
  • Fill out the application form, sign it and attach the required documents.
  • Send all documents
    • send it by mail to your pension insurance institution or
    • hand it in at one of the local advice centers.
  • The responsible pension insurance institution will review your application.
  • You will receive a decision on your application.

A person you trust can also submit your pension application on your behalf. For this purpose, please submit a power of attorney to the pension insurance company. As long as the power of attorney is valid, the pension insurance company will only contact the person you have authorized.

If you give your consent to electronic communication, all correspondence can be done online. Either use the electronic mailbox under online services with registration or De-Mail.

Special notes

There are no clues or specifics.

Deadlines

Widow's and widower's pensions:

If the deceased

  • already received a pension of his or her own, your widow's or widower's pension will begin no earlier than the month following the date of the established death.
  • has not yet received a pension of his or her own, your widow's or widower's pension will begin on the date of death determined.

For survivors' pensions, the application period is 12 calendar months from the date of death. This period also applies if a pension has already ceased to exist and is later applied for again. If the survivor's pension application is filed later, the pension does not begin until the month of application and cannot be paid retroactively.

Education pension:

Your pension begins on the first of the calendar month at the beginning of which you meet the requirements if you apply within 3 calendar months. If the application is submitted later, you will receive the pension from the month of application.

Orphan's pension:
Retroactive payment oforphan's pension: up to 12 calendar months before the month of application.

Processing time

Please note that for the determination of the disappearance no news about the life of the missing person must have been received for one year. This period must be waited for in any case.

Apart from this period, the processing times are:

Widow's and widower's pensions:

As a rule, depending on the type of pension:

  • small widows' and widowers' pensions: 4 months
  • large widows' and widowers' pensions: 3 months

Education pension:

As a rule, 4 months

Orphan's pension:

As a rule, depending on the type of pension:

  • Half-orphan's pensions: 3 months
  • Full orphans' pensions: 5 to 6 months

Required documents

  • Required Documents

    • Proof of disappearance (if applicable, affirmation in lieu of an oath).
    • Depending on the type of pension applied for, further evidence may be required.

Online procedures

Fees

  • There are no costs for you.

Remedy

  • Objection.
    For detailed information, please refer to the pension decision.
  • Action before the Social Court.
    Detailed information can be found in the notice of appeal.

Status:28.08.2023

Responsible for editing:Bundesministerium für Arbeit und Soziales

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  • Prefillable Form, Bavaria-wide
  • Legal bases, Bavaria-wide
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Information

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