Dangerous wild animals; application for a permit for non-commercial keeping

If you want to keep a dangerous animal of a wild species privately, you need permission from the local authority.


Wild animals are all animal species that are not usually kept in human care. Such animals are dangerous if handling them can lead to injury or damage due to their peculiar dispositions or behaviour (e.g. lions, tigers, bears, large or poisonous snakes). The specific characteristic of the individual animal (good-naturedness, tameness) is not relevant for the justification of the obligation to obtain a permit.

The State Ministry of the Interior, for Sport and Integration, in consultation with the State Ministry for the Environment and Consumer Protection, regularly publishes a list of examples to facilitate the classification of animals kept.


Permission shall be granted if the applicant

  • proves a legitimate interest,
  • there are no doubts about his reliability and
  • there is no danger to life, health, property or possessions.

Strict standards are to be applied to the requirements for the granting of a permit. For example, a mere hobby does not constitute a legitimate interest.

Permission can be made dependent on proof of the existence of special liability insurance.

Special notes

A fine of up to ten thousand euros may be imposed on anyone who intentionally or negligently keeps a dangerous animal of a wild species without the necessary permit or fails to comply with the conditions attached to the permit.

Status: 20.08.2021

Responsible for editing: Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Sport und Integration

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