Weapons; General information

The handling of weapons - acquisition, possession, carrying, transporting, transferring, manufacturing, handling, etc. - is either free, subject to an age requirement, subject to a permit or generally prohibited. The acquisition and possession of ammunition is similarly regulated.

Description

Weapons, e.g. firearms, certain knives, swords, defensive spray, etc. are divided into various categories under the Weapons Act. Handling them - acquiring, possessing, carrying, transporting, transferring, manufacturing, handling, etc. - is either free, subject to an age requirement, subject to a permit or generally prohibited. The acquisition and possession of ammunition is similarly regulated. In case of doubt, please contact your district administrative authority (district office or city).

As a rule, only persons who have reached the age of 18 are permitted to handle weapons or ammunition. There are exceptions, e.g. when shooting on approved shooting ranges under supervision. For the acquisition and possession of large-calibre weapons, the minimum age for sport shooters is generally 21 years. For the acquisition of large-calibre firearms, persons between the ages of 18 and 25 must also provide a medical-psychological certificate of their personal suitability. Hunters are exempt from this requirement. If you want to handle weapons or ammunition, you will in most cases need a weapons permit from your district administrative authority. This permit is issued on application, e.g. in the form of a weapons ownership card, a weapons licence, a shooting permit, a manufacturing and trading permit, etc. The requirements for issuing these permits are as follows The prerequisites for the issuance of these permits are, as a rule, that you are reliable and physically fit, can credibly demonstrate a need, have the necessary expertise and, in some cases, have appropriate liability insurance.

As a rule, reliability is given if you have so far behaved in a law-abiding manner. A need may exist especially for sport shooters, hunters, gun collectors and demonstrably significantly endangered persons. Expertise can be obtained from state authorities, private institutions (e.g. sports clubs) or during training to become a hunter.

If you own firearms or ammunition, you must ensure that these weapons are stored safely. This is to prevent the loss of firearms or ammunition or the unauthorised taking of these objects by third parties, especially children and young people.

Fees

  • Weapons permits, like other state permits, are subject to fees. You can enquire about the individual fees at the responsible district administrative authority (district office or independent city) or call up the corresponding service description (see "Related topics").

Status: 06.09.2021

Responsible for editing: Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Sport und Integration

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  • Online transactions, Bavaria-wide
  • Online transactions, locally limited
  • Prefillable Form, Bavaria-wide
  • Legal bases, Bavaria-wide
  • Legal bases, locally limited
  • Fees, Bavaria-wide
  • Fees, locally limited
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