Fire protection; implementation of preventive fire protection measures

Preventive fire protection is the umbrella term for all measures that prevent or limit the development, spread and effects of fires in advance. The actions and conditions that pose a fire hazard and are therefore prohibited are listed in the Ordinance on the Prevention of Fires.


The Ordinance on the Prevention of Fires (VVB) on the legal basis of the State Criminal and Ordinance Law (LStVG) contains design and behavioural regulations, with the aim,

  • to designate fire-hazardous actions and conditions as such
  • to enforce their omission by threat of a fine
  • to provide material inspection regulations for the implementation of the municipal fire inspection in accordance with the Ordinance on Fire Inspections (FBV).

Among other things, it contains specifications for the following areas:

  • Extinguishing fires
  • Operation of fireplaces
  • Fire in the open air
  • Fuel residues
  • Matches, small appliances, naked lights, lighting equipment
  • Smoking, smoking ban
  • Electrical appliances
  • Internal combustion engines
  • Fire-hazardous work equipment
  • Solid fuels
  • Storage of highly flammable solids indoors
  • Outdoor storage of flammable solids
  • Outdoor storage of highly flammable crops
  • Storage of spontaneously combustible crops
  • Other spontaneously combustible substances
  • Balloons
  • Decoration of rooms
  • Street festivals, markets and events
  • undeveloped roof spaces, hatches, chimneys
  • escape routes


Administrative court proceedings; information

administrative claim

Status: 07.12.2021

Responsible for editing: Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Sport und Integration

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