Red gun permit for firearms or ammunition experts; application.
If you wish to acquire and possess weapons and/or ammunition in order to test, examine or inspect them, you must apply for a permit from the relevant weapons authority.
The red weapons possession card entitles the holder to acquire or possess firearms or ammunition. It can only be applied for by weapons collectors (see "Related topics") or weapons experts. Weapons experts are persons who can credibly demonstrate that they need firearms or ammunition for scientific or technical purposes, for testing, appraisal, examination or for a similar purpose.
It is recommended that you read in detail about the regulations of the firearms law before applying.
To obtain a red gun permit, you must be
- be at least 18 years old and
- prove your need,
- be reliable in terms of weapons law and
- personal suitability,
- prove your expertise in handling weapons and ammunition, and
- demonstrate safe storage of weapons and ammunition.
- You must be at least 18 years of age.
If you are under 25 years of age, you will be requested by the competent firearms authority to submit a specialist medical or specialist psychological report/testimonial on your mental fitness. You must pay for the certificate yourself and send the original to the relevant firearms authority by post.
- You must provide credible evidence that you are active as a weapons and/or ammunition expert and require firearms or ammunition for scientific or technical purposes, for testing, appraisal, examination or for a similar purpose (need).
You can provide evidence, for example, by means of a certificate of activity.
- You must be reliable in terms of weapons law.
You can be assessed as unreliable in terms of weapons law, among other things, if
- you have been legally sentenced to a prison term of at least one year within the last 10 years or have been a member of or supported a prohibited organization within the last 10 years.
- it can be assumed that you misuse or improperly handle weapons or ammunition, do not store these items carefully or hand them over to persons who are not authorized to do so.
- you have been in preventive police custody more than once in the last 5 years with judicial authorization due to violence.
- You have repeatedly or grossly violated the weapons law.
- You must be personally suitable.
You may be judged to be personally unsuitable if, among other things
- You are legally incompetent.
- You are addicted to alcohol or other intoxicating substances, mentally ill, or debilitated.
- You suffer from serious illnesses, such as brain injuries, or physical impairments, such as amputations or severe visual impairment.
- it can be assumed that you are not able to handle weapons or ammunition carefully or properly or that there is a concrete danger that you will endanger others or yourself.
- You must prove that you have sufficient knowledge of weapons and ammunition and how to handle them (expert knowledge).
In order to be able to prove expert knowledge in handling weapons and ammunition, you must have taken part in an appropriate training course. The course comprises a theoretical and practical part. At the end of the course, you will take an examination before an authorized examination board. If you have passed the examination, you will receive a certificate for which weapons and ammunition you have acquired expert knowledge.
- You must prove that you can store weapons and ammunition safely.
This generally means that only you, as an authorized person, may have access to weapons and ammunition. If you do not store your weapons and ammunition safely, you commit an administrative offense for which a fine of up to 10,000 EUR can be imposed. In addition, your reliability under weapons law may be called into question and your weapons possession card may be revoked.
When applying, you must provide information on both the storage location and the container in which you intend to store weapons and ammunition. The storage requirements are based on Section 13 of the General Weapons Act Ordinance (AWaffV). In case of doubt, please contact the authority responsible for you. Basically, you can orientate yourself on the following requirements:
- You must store ammunition requiring a permit in a sheet steel cabinet/container with a swing bolt lock or an equivalent locking device.
- To store long guns and handguns requiring a permit, you need a gun cabinet. The type of gun cabinet you need depends on the number and type of weapons and/or ammunition you wish to acquire and possess.
- In a gun cabinet with resistance grade 0 according to the DIN/EN 1143-1 standard with a weight of up to 200 kilograms, you may store an unlimited number of long guns, up to 5 handguns and ammunition.
- In a firearms cabinet with resistance grade 0 in accordance with the DIN/EN 1143-1 standard with a weight of over 200 kilograms, you may store an unlimited number of long guns, up to 10 handguns and ammunition.
- In a gun cabinet with resistance grade I according to the DIN/EN 1143-1 standard, you may store an unlimited number of long guns and handguns as well as ammunition.
- The following regulations apply in principle to the place where you are allowed to place the weapons cabinet:
- If you live in a common household with another person who is also entitled to possess weapons, you may store the weapons in a common weapons cabinet.
- It is also permitted to store weapons and ammunition with a weapons dealer. You must provide appropriate proof of this.
You must apply for the red weapon possession card at the competent weapons authority. Submit the application together with the required documents.
The firearms authority will issue you with the red firearms possession card if you meet the necessary requirements.
- Identity card or passport (copy)
- Proof of activity as a weapons or ammunition expert
- Proof of expertise
- Proof of storage, e.g. purchase contract for a gun cabinet and/or photos of gun cabinet and place of installation
- If applicable, medical or psychological certificate of mental fitness (if under 25 years of age)
- The fees for the issuance of a weapons possession card are between 30.00 and 180.00 EUR. The district administrative authority responsible for you will be happy to provide you with more details.
Responsible for editing: Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Sport und Integration
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