Due to considerable parking pressure in urban areas caused by visitor, delivery, commuter and resident traffic, it has been increasingly necessary in recent years to implement so-called "parking space management". This means that within a parking management zone, parking is only permitted with a parking ticket, parking meter or parking disc. Parking space management is also intended to make living in urban areas more attractive again and thus reduce settlement pressure on rural areas and urban migration, especially where private parking spaces (within walking distance) are not available or insufficient.
In particularly congested parts of cities (e.g., often inner-city areas), resident parking areas can be established in the interest of those who live in these areas, and special parking permits can be used to create opportunities for long-term parking specifically for the benefit of residents of the affected neighborhood. However, reservations must not lock visitors and commuters out of the cities by motor vehicle. Therefore, only a portion of the parking areas in the cities can be reserved. Another way to create special parking rights is to exempt residents in parking management zones from the requirement to park with a parking ticket, meter, or parking disc.
In order to be able to prove their authorization to park permanently in the managed area to control bodies, i.e. in particular police forces and municipal traffic control, the person who actually lives and is registered in this area must possess a resident parking permit and deposit it in the vehicle in a clearly visible place.