Nature reserve; determination

Nature reserves are established to protect areas of particular ecological value.


Nature reserves concern ecologically particularly valuable areas. Section 23 of the Federal Nature Conservation Act defines the objectives and tasks of nature reserves. They should not only serve the preservation of animals and plants as well as their habitats, but also provide information about natural history and regional history. The protection of biotic resources is at the center of the idea of protection. Nature reserves, together with national parks, are the most strictly protected areas under nature conservation law.

The designation of a nature reserve is done by a legal ordinance; this consists of the ordinance text and the protected area maps.

The designation of nature reserves is the responsibility of the higher nature conservation authorities of the governments.


The government forwards the draft of the ordinance with the protected area maps to the affected authorities and public interest groups for their comments. It is also made available to the public for a period of one month in the districts and municipalities affected by it. As a rule, the draft can also be viewed on the government's website during this period. The affected landowners and all interested citizens can obtain information about the details and submit concerns and suggestions during the display period.


Responsible for editing:Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Umwelt und Verbraucherschutz

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